Asthma is a disease that causes the small airways in your lungs to become inflamed or swollen. It may also lead to airway spasms. Both of these conditions narrow your airway and make it hard for you to breathe.
Commons asthma triggers include:
Warning signs of an asthma attack vary from person to person. In general, the following are signs of an attack:
You can manage asthma by:
Asthma Medicines for Children
There are different kinds of medicines to treat asthma. Different medicines work for different people. Two common kinds of medicine are:
Controllers. These are used daily to help prevent a person’s airways from getting inflamed. They are also called anti-inflammatories.
Rescuers (relievers). These are used when person is having symptoms to keep an asthma flare-up from getting worse. Rescuers sometimes can help relieve asthma symptoms. They are also called bronchodilators. It is important for people with asthma to always keep a supply of rescue medicine on hand, and keep this supply up-to-date.
Ask them to flip over their checklists to the “How to Care for Asthma” side and to work in pairs to brainstorm things they can do to support a friend or family member who has asthma, or to manage their own asthma if they’ve been diagnosed. For a friend or family member this might be reminding them to take their medicines, being kind and understanding if they have to take a break for an activity, not wearing strong perfumes or other scents around them, or telling a teacher or other adult right away if they think someone is having an asthma attack. For themselves it might be remembering to do all these things. Encourage young people to be creative with this brainstorm.
Ask young people to say aloud their ideas and make a list on a white board or flip chart paper of the ways they can support people with asthma or manage their own asthma. The idea is to build awareness of and compassion for people who live with this chronic condition. Distribute the Healthy Families Newsletter in English or Spanish and ask them to be sure to share it with their parents.
Asthma 101: Helping kids breathe easy
Asthma videos – Allina Health Video Library
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America